Within this resource you will find an ‘Activities Suite’.  The suite contains 9 sections, each of which contain physical activities which have been especially selected for people with progressive Multiple Sclerosis.  This resource is focussed on providing people who have different abilities and challenges due to MS to find a new ideas for activities they might want to try. 

Not every activity will be suitable for you, but you will see that in most cases, activities are graded – with standing, seated or where possible, lying options available.

With the support of your physiotherapist as required, it is up to you to consider what activities might suit you and what you might want to try.

Getting started

When you try new physical activities, or begin to do more activity than normal – start slow, and build up gradually.  When exercising, it is likely that you will feel warmer as your body temperate will rise and your heart will beat faster. 

Starting a new physical activity or exercise programme can mean that you may initially feel some muscle aching or tiredness after exercise but this should resolve by itself.

Some days you will be able to do more and some days you won’t be able to do so much - this is normal.


While carrying out activities or exercising you should still be able to hold a conversation. You should not feel dizzy or exhausted.

If at any time when you are exercising, you feel severely short of breath or cannot breathe, stop immediately, rest. Contact your physiotherapist to discuss this and what you should do about your exercise programme. They may ask you to see your doctor for advice.

If you are attempting an activity in standing and you are challenging your balance, make sure you do the activity with a table or worktop nearby that you can hold on to, to steady yourself if needed.

If you are doing an activity in water, make sure you have considered your own safety – making sure a lifeguard is on duty for example, or have someone else with you.

Listen to the general information and advice from Professor Helen Dawes about physical activity and how to get started.

Within the activities suite you will see buttons which allow you to add what you want to try out into a plan.  See the ‘Setting aims & challenges’ sections to help you get the most out of this function.

Within the Activities Suite, you will see that we have produced some purpose developed content for the LEAP-MS resource and also highlighted a range of pre-existing content. With so many already accessible resources available to draw upon, we have found some very useful activities and guidance from people from all over the world.

Some of the youtube films we use on this resource are unfortunately ‘monetized’ - meaning they use advertisements as a way of financing otherwise free content. We apologise for any of the adverts you see and recognise that this is frustrating at times.  You can skip any adverts after 3-4 seconds by clicking the ‘skip’ button in the bottom right hand corner of the playing film.

Setting Aims & challenges

LEAP-MS is about helping you to be physically active.  It aims to do this by:

  • Helping you to find activities you enjoy doing (Activity Suite)
  • Helping you to better understand the benefits of physical activity for managing MS symptoms (Information Suite)
  • Provide support from physiotherapists to guide you when you need it (Face-Face physiotherapy consultation at home and messaging service)
  • Offer functions for you to set aims and challenges (My Plan)
  • Enable you to record and monitor the type of activity you are doing and how much (My Plan)

Many people find that having aims, or ‘goals’ to work towards helps to motivate them.  Your aims might be large or small, short-term or long-term. 

To help achieve bigger aims and longer-term goals, it often helps to break down what you want to do into a series of smaller, shorter term goals which you then work towards bit by bit.

Your physiotherapist can help you work through some possible aims and make suggestions – but we have some examples here to help you get thinking about what aims you might like to set yourself.

Below we give you three examples:

Example 1:

For some people, getting active might be important to them because they want to introduce a wider range of activities into their life.  For someone like this their aim might be:

Aim 1:

Try out 3 new activities within 6 weeks.

It’s thought that the more specific an aim can be, the more likely people will achieve it.  The aim above could be made more specific by identifying 3 new activities for example, or by detailing how much time you will spend trying the activity. 

Try out 3 new activities (Tai Chi, playing balloon batting with my nephew & aqua aerobics) within 6 weeks. Do each activity for 20 minutes, at least twice a week for two weeks.

Example 2:

For others, getting active might be focussed on one area of their life, or a specific task.  For example, someone might want to be able to stand at their sink to prepare potatoes, rather than sat at a table.  The challenge for them is that at the moment they can only stand for a couple of minutes and they need to be able to stand for 5 minutes.  For this person, they have an overall aim, but need to break that aim down into components, in order to achieve it. 

Aim 2:

To be able to stand for 5 minutes at the sink (so I can peel the potatoes)

Their physiotherapist has helped them identify that they are struggling to stand for longer than a few minutes because their core muscles and their quadriceps (big muscles in the thigh) are weak.  Their physiotherapist has helped them select a few activities that will help them improve their strength in these areas which will then hopefully help them stand for longer.  The activities are seated pilates and sit to stands. To achieve the aim, a plan is put together.

The activity plan:

Seated pilates:

Carry out 20-minute seated pilates programme three times a week

Sit to stand:

Stand up and sit down five times in a row three times a day.

For others, getting active might be about trying to manage symptoms of fatigue.  For them, their activity aims might be about trying a range of activities which may help reduce their fatigue and build their exercise tolerance.  In these circumstances an aim might be:

Aim 3:

To complete a 15-minute seated aerobics routine in one go within 3 weeks.

To help you set aims, to record and track the activity you are doing, each time you add an activity on the resource to your activity plan – you can set an aim related to that activity.  You can see how to do that by clicking on the ‘My Plan’ tab in the menu.

Not everyone needs a detailed activity plan.  Some people simply choose a range of activites they enjoy doing and spread those activities through the week.  

Listen to the way in which Ceri plans her week, the activities she chooses to do and her 'plan B' for times when she is feeling under the weather.

Overcoming barriers

In the process of developing the LEAP-MS physical activity resource, we spoke with lots of people with MS and their families.  We found that many people with MS have similar challenges when trying to be physically active, particularly in relation to finding activities which are suitable for them and getting access to places to do activities they are interested in.

People with MS have told us that there are many factors they consider before engaging in a new physical activity.  These include:

  • How will the new activity impact my MS symptoms?
  • How will I get to and from a group activity or into the building/facility?
  • Will I be the only person with MS at the event/group/activity?
  • Will there be any support for me when I arrive if I need help?

People with and without MS also report a range of challenges to being active.  Below, we sketch out the most common issues people come up against, and provide advice from other people with MS, health professionals and researchers about how to overcome these.

I’m too tired

Sometimes people with MS feel very tired, even if they haven’t done very much. It can seem like it takes a long time to get anything done, and you can tire from doing even simple tasks. We don’t fully understand why this happens, but we do know that exercise can help people with MS to manage fatigue and even improve the symptoms of fatigue.  The challenge is getting active when you experience MS fatigue.


  • Work out when you have the most energy – morning? afternoon? – and build your exercise and physical activity programme around that
  • Prioritise what really needs to be done, and do that when you have the most energy
  • Try to adopt a set routine for going to bed and waking up, and aim for at least 6-8 hrs of sleep each night
  • Remember to eat well and drink water before and after exercise
  • Try varying the amount of exercise that you do when you are tired and when you have more energy.

Listen again to Ceri and Professor Helen Dawes talking about physical activity and fatigue, and the tips they have for getting active with and managing fatigue.

I don’t have enough time

Not having enough time to exercise is one of the most common reasons that people tell us that they do not exercise. Living with MS, working, caring for others and doing everyday things can be tough, let alone scheduling physical activities and prioritising your own health. But, it is important to think about physical activity, like you would any other task you do, to take care of you and your life.


  • Try setting aside a bit of time, even 10 minutes, every day to do some exercise
  • Use your clock/watch/phone to set an alarm to remind you to exercise
  • Consider doing flexibility exercises while listening to the radio or watching television
  • One of the best strategies for managing time is to schedule exercise into your daily routine

I always forget to do my exercises

For some people with MS, memory is a big challenge, and remembering to do exercises regularly is difficult.

If this is the case, there are a few ideas here, that might help you:


  • Use your clock/watch/phone to set an alarm to remind you to exercise
  • Place visible reminders around the house in places you go frequently – such as the fridge.
  • Write a daily plan with your friends and family or physiotherapist and work from that [you can use the LEAP-MS activity planner to help you with that]
  • Talk to your friends or members of the family and ask for their support in reminding you to do the activities you have chosen.

If you struggle with your memory and none of the above suggestions work for you, then an activity programme that requires you to do multiple repeated exercises at certain times might not be right for you.  Choosing a range of activities that you enjoy and can do when you think of them, or joining groups or clubs where you can go with other people, who remind you might be better.  Ultimately, anything you do, is better than nothing and traditional exercise programmes are not helpful for everyone.

I’m not motivated to be active

Some people with MS are really motivated to be active, while others find it very difficult.

You can read below, some of the reasons other people with MS are motivated to be active.

Do you see being active as having a role to play in terms of you staying as well as you can?

"Yes, definitely, definitely. Every, every inch of it. I feel that my walking has improved because of it and my stature is better and I’m not quite so looking down at my feet and my posture is better."

— Craig

"Monday I go to the gym in the morning under the referral scheme, and I really, honestly, I couldn’t praised it highly enough. It’s fantastic.

Before I went there I was falling all the time.  Now I think that if I go to fall, I’ve got the strength to stop myself 90% of the time, I’ve got that and also I feel stronger in myself.”

— Elizabeth

Here, Ceri talks about how MS affects her mood, and how exercising and doing a range of different physical activities can help lift her mood.

Take a look at the tips below which might help you to get and stay motivated.


  • There are many ways of being active - it doesn’t have to be one specific thing that you do, consider different activities to keep your physical activity interesting
  • Pick something you think you will enjoy and doesn’t seem a chore
  • Try to set small achievable targets to be active every day
  • Consider making your exercise programme part of a set routine
  • Keeping a diary/record of your daily activity may help you to see your progress
  • Ask your friends and family to encourage you or even exercise with you
  • Focus on the positive benefits you can achieve from being more active

Listen to Professor Helen Dawes talk about motivation here – and the advice she offers.

I’m not sure I can do exercises correctly

Some people using LEAP-MS will chose to do a specific set of exercises that help them move towards achieving their aims.  These might be exercises they have chosen themselves, or in consultation with their physiotherapist.

Lots of people with MS have some problems with memory, thinking and planning and they can find doing new exercises challenging.  Difficulty with balance, strength or just unfamiliarity with an activity can also affect your confidence in carrying out specific movements or exercises.  While some of these problems will be as a result of MS, these problems can be made worse by lack of activity.  Practicing exercises (or doing activities) which challenge your balance and require strength and co-ordination can help you to become better at doing the exercises (or activities).

Friends, family and /or carers can remind you about your activity plan and help you to do some of the activities you chose.  You might want to specifically choose activities that you can do with other people.  You might want to go to the beach and walk along the front, go swimming or do an exercise class together.

For family and friends who want to be active with you and support you in any way they can, share the family and friends section with them.

Tips to make sure that you are doing the exercises correctly

  • Ask your physiotherapist to help you select the best exercises for you and practice them while they are with you. Your physiotherapist can give you feedback on what you are doing and help you make it more or less challenging, depending on how you manage.
  • It is helpful to start off with a small selection of exercises. As you become more confident you can add more and begin to challenge yourself.
  • If you have a very specific aim and are doing exercises to target that, ask other people to watch you doing your exercises and give you feedback or encouragement
  • Make sure you have enough space to do your exercises. Make sure the area is free from clutter and that you have a chair behind you or a table at the side if you are exercising on your feet and are a bit wobbly.

I really want to get out and do things but I’m worried about:

  • The parking
  • The type of flooring
  • Can I get through the doors?
  • The toilets
  • The cost

You are not alone with these concerns.  Many people with MS feel that one of the main reasons that they aren’t as physically active as they want to be is because they are unsure about the facilities in places they want to go.

" I used to use the gym at the sports centre up the road here but all the machines there are, are set up for an able-bodied person."

— Craig

"A lot of my time I spend troubleshooting, so a lot of it is finding out if places are really accessible when they say they are.  I think that probably access is the biggest barrier

— Vivienne

Below, Ceri reflects on how the environment and access to places she wants to go affects her - and talks about the way in which she works around these potential limitations.

Supporting someone with Multiple Sclerosis

We all provide support for people around us and also need the support of others.  The same applies to being active.  If you have someone new in your life who isn't sure about how best to support you, you might want to share this resource with them and choose some activities that you can do together.

For anyone new to supporting someone with Multiple Sclerosis, listen to the message from Ceri below.

Head over to the Activities Suite and see what physical activities you might be interested in trying.  Once you see something you’d like to try:

  1. Add it to your plan
  2. Set when you’d like to do the activity and how often
  3. Give yourself an aim


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